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Hay Making in Romania – Crafting Haystacks, Mowing, Scything

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Hay Making in Romania – Crafting Haystacks, Mowing, Scything

Old style agriculture involving the use of natural meadows is an example of perfect interaction between man and nature, one where nature thrives while offering the basic requirements of life.

During summer, the fields of the Romanian countryside are full of glorious wild flower meadows and haystacks.

Wild Meadows

Mowing and hay making, followed by grazing are traditional ways of maintaining wild meadows, reducing the height of the meadows, while making important animal food provisions. Wild meadows management include mowing with scythe, which is a common practice in Romania’s traditional farming. The meadows are mown at least three times in a single season, from June until August.

Mowing with Scythe – VIDEO

Tedding the hay after mowing is an important step in the hay making process. This allows a more even drying, by scattering the hay cuttings which initially lie like a blanket on the ground. The wildflower seeds contained will be scattered on the ground and establish new plants. On a sunny day, the morning cut hay is turned at noon to avoid bleaching and dry the underside and is put up in haystacks by evening. The hay is raked into rows, also known as windrows, which make it easier to gather.

 

Making Haystacks

The hay must be neither wet, causing the stack to rot or heat up and burn, nor bleached, having lost all nutrients, but rather having a pale green color and a smell of freshly dried hay. It should dry faster than the sun can bleach it. It is lifted by a pitchfork and piled around a pole. During the process of making a haystack, it is piled and combed with rakes, to insure rain waters runoff the stack.

Making Haystacks – VIDEO

Making haystacks is an art. Aside from the well known haystacks, hay is stored in different structures, most of which are using handcrafted  wooden frames, and fences. Hay is piled on these frames. The results are having a striking form of goats (capre, caprite).

Traditional Farming

 

There is a possibility that the Romanian term for haystacks (căpiţe) took it’s name from căpriţe (little goats). Making hay is like having a treasure.  Just ask this Romanian family of mountain men from North Carpathians. With breeding animals as their main occupation and animal food being so expensive, Vasile and Stefania explain that hay making saves a fortune and is of absolute importance during cold winter days, when animals are sheltered indoors. A haystack mixed with corn stalks ensures two weeks food supply for one cow.

Romanian Countryside

 

They make hay three times during summer season. They set up a couple of wooden hay frames, locally known as jirade, where hay will be  stored for two weeks before being loaded into horse drawn wagons and moved into hay shelters.

Hay Making – VIDEO


Gathering the mown grass not only benefits the man, but also helps wild meadows thrive by keeping the soil poor in nutrients. Mowing and hay making are examples of how man can benefit from the wild, while being eco friendly.

Wild Meadows

Romanian Countryside

Traditional Agriculture

Traditional Agriculture

Making Hay

Hay Frames

Eco Friendly Agriculture

Eco Friendly Agriculture

Hay Making

Hay Drying

Romanian Countryside

Hay Making

Rural Romania

Hay Making

Haystacks Making

Making Hay

Making Hay

Romanian Haystacks

Traditional Agriculture




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