The women’s traditional folk costume from Transylvania features two aprons, and a peasant blouse with puffy sleeves and ruffled cuffs. Unlike the typical ie with altiță and încreț, the shoulder ornaments are missing from the peasant blouses from Transylvania.
The Folk Costume from the county of Sibiu
Instead altiță, the peasant blouses from Sibiu feature a thin, horizontal line across the shoulder.
The singularity and sobriety of the peasant blouses from Mărginimea Sibiului makes them easy to be identified: long, vertical black or brown fabric stripes (ciocănele, i.e. little hammers) are sewn onto the chest and sleeves, from the collar, and all the way down the ruffles. The variety arises from the different embroideries found on the side of these stripes: plants, animals, tools, fruits, flowers, sewn with black or golden thread.
This is a unique headwear (velitură), which is held in place with a fine white veil. The black aprons are made of wool and have gold and black silk embroideries.
In summer, the peasant men from the county of Sibiu wear a short, circular brim hat, woolen vests and loose blouses.
The Folk Costume in the County of Brasov
In the county of Brașov, the vertical embroideries (râuri) on the sleeves, the shoulder ornament (altiță), the folded cuffs (cămașă cu pumnași), are influences of North Muntenia (Prahova, Muscel). The old women would wear blouses with folded cuffs, while a young woman would wear a blouse with ruffled cuffs.
In Țara Oltului, one could recognize a married woman, who would wear a blouse with a neck design.
Women wear two aprons with red and black horizontal stripes, or vertical stripes (Muntenia influences).
Both men and women wear sheepskin vests, decorated with geometric and floral multicolored motifs, with front or side closure (pieptar înfundat).
The Folk Costume In the County of Mureș
The peasant women wear two narrow aprons, mostly black, or red and black, with horizontal stripes.
One can find a particular type of apron: catrința cu trup vânăt (literary translates to “aprons with a dark purple body”), due to it’s dark purple/ navy blue color. A color which represents the Water of Life.
When patterned with the Tree of Life, it means the Water which nourishes the Tree. they are full of meanings and an emblematic symbol of the folk apparel from Transylvania. The shoulder ornamentation (altita) is completely removed. A thin horizontal line across the elbows stands for an altiță.
The Folk Costume in the County of Bistrița-Năsăud
The peasant women wear two aprons, black or red and black, with horizontal stripes.
The peasant man’s blouses are loose, with floral ornamentation across the neckline, chest and cuffs. A man’s hat embellished with peacock feathers is a sign that the man is not married.