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Romanian Traditional Carpets, Wall Hanging and Kilims from Oltenia

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Weave Structure and Design of Romanian Traditional Carpets, Wall Hangings and Kilims from Oltenia

Beauty and utility are profoundly intertwined within a Romanian homestead. Traditional wall carpets craftsmanship of Romania has prevailed among peasants. The typical zest for living flows from a setting where aesthetics and usability work together to make  life more vivid and enjoyable, pointing out a way of  thinking and underlying needs.
The essential elements of traditional interior design from Oltenia are the Romanian traditional carpets, scoarţe and kilims. Written evidence suggests the presence of specialized weaving settlements before the mid-20 century, of full time weavers, both men and women engaged in hand weaving services provided in client’s homes. (M. Focşa, Scoarţe româneşti, Bucureşti, 1970, p.191)

Romanian Traditional Carpets From Oltenia

Romanian Traditional Carpets from Oltenia; Source: Muzeul Olteniei ( https://muzeulolteniei.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/iii-10217.jpg )

Romanian carpets from Oltenia bear a wide variety of motifs, prominent among them horses and riders, roosters, dolls, cuckoos, stags and other various symbols. Hemp or cotton is used for the warp and wool for the weft, painted in a few predominant colors, usually deep blue, pastel green, yellow,  burgundy red.

Romanian Traditional Carpets From Oltenia

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( https://muzeulolteniei.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/iii-10217.jpg )

Romanian Kilims Slitweave

Weavers from Oltenia have proven talent and imagination with kilim weaving arts. A kilim is a pileless, hand-woven, flatweave traditional rug. Kilim designs are made by interweaving the variously colored wefts and warps, thus creating what is known as a flatweave.

Romanian Kilims Slitweave

Slitweave Source: Mobila.com

Romanian Kilims Slitweave

Slitweave Source: Mobila.com

Curved weft and slit weave tapestry are textile weaving techniques employed. The slit refers to the gap left between two blocks of color.

Romanian Kilims Slitweave

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry (Scoarțe)

Scoarţe are some long and narrow wool carpets used for wall hangings, often displayed in the clean room (guest room, camera bună, casea mare). The clean room is unused during the year, except for  holidays, when guests are invited for dinner , or during ceremonial rites, such as baptism,marriage, funerals. A number of common motifs and designs found in Oltenia scoarţe are vegetal (phytomorphic), as well as geometric motifs and gemotrized avimorphic (birds) zoomorphic (animals) and anthropomorphic (human) shapes. Most common motifs include stylized leafs, fir branches, tulips, trees.

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Wall Hanging Tapestry Scoarțe

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Traditional Carpets From Oltenia

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

Romanian Traditional Carpets From Oltenia

Source: Mobile Cultural Objects Listed in the National Cultural Heritage ( http://clasate.cimec.ro )

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